Eduardo Chillida

“Boundaries are actually the main factor in space, just as the present, another boundary, is the main factor in time.”

Eduardo Chillida (Donostia/San Sebastián, Spain, 1924 – 2002) exhibited his early work in 1949 in the Salon de Mai at the Musée d’Art Moderne in Paris. Since then, his work has been the subject of more than 100 solo exhibitions in international museums, including major retrospectives at the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston (1966), the National Gallery in Washington, D.C. (1979), the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York (1980), Hayward Gallery in London (1990), Palacio de Miramar in San Sebastián (1992), the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía in Madrid (1999) and the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain (1999). He participated in numerous international exhibitions, including the Venice Biennale (1958, 1988 and 1990), where he received the International Grand Prize for Sculpture in 1958; the Pittsburgh International, where he received the Carnegie Prize for sculpture in 1964 and, in 1978, shared the Andrew W. Mellon Prize with Willem de Kooning; and Documenta II, IV and VI. A major part of his body of work is displayed in cities throughout the world and includes over forty-seven public sculptures, including De música, Dallas XV, 1989, and Peine del viento XV, 1977 in San Sebastián, Spain.